As chief adviser to the Education Commission, I am travelling with Save the Children UK’s team including its chief executive, Kevin Watkins, on a joint mission to discuss schooling for South Sudanese children and youth seeking refuge in the north of Uganda.
As we travel, the landscape gradually changes. The huts are replaced with small tent dwellings made from white plastic and emblazoned with the letters UNHCR. We have arrived at the Imvepi refugee settlement. A few kilometres further down the bumpy, laterite road, we reach the settlement’s reception centre.
The first thing that strikes me is the sheer number of people. Today there are more than 10000 people at the centre - individuals who have traversed the long road to Uganda from South Sudan. More than 3000 people arrive every day. It takes a Herculean effort to keep up with the surge.
This is because while neighbouring South Sudan gained independence in 2011, it did not gain peace. Today the country is faced with conflict and famine, and the immediate future is of concern.
The UN has warned the conflict could slide into genocide, while at the same time more than half the country now faces mass hunger. As a result, nearly 1 million South Sudanese refugees have entered Uganda. The sheer size of these numbers is difficult to comprehend. But what is clear is that this is one of the world’s biggest humanitarian crises.
At the reception centre, I meet Rose*, 16, and her younger sister Victoria*. They have travelled from South Sudan on their own. “Walk straight down this road and eventually you will reach Uganda,” their parents told them. It took the sisters four days, and now they are sitting in the centre’s unaccompanied-minors section.
Victoria tells me the schools are no longer functioning in South Sudan and she must continue her education. I have three daughters - I cannot imagine their parents’ pain in letting these two girls venture alone on that treacherous road to Uganda in search of hope in the form of an education.
We move on to the Rhino Camp resettlement area, home to 86000 people covering 10 square kilometres. I meet Anni* and her 12-year-old daughter, Sylvia*, who have been here since November last year. They fled fighting in South Sudan. Sylvia is back in school as part of Save the Children’s accelerated learning programme at Ariwa school.
Anni explains her neighbours were captured and slaughtered as they slept. It took her five days to reach the border. It was then that her husband was killed in front of her.
Anni says they wanted to kill her baby too: “I told them, if you want to kill my baby, it is better for you to kill me together. They got my baby and hung the baby facing down and they were holding a knife. I started calling Jesus’s name, be with me.” Her baby was spared.
Determined to keep her daughter in school, Anni does not have the money to pay the small fees.
The next day we visit another settlement, Bidi Bidi, the largest in the world with around 270000 people. Here I meet David*, a budding scientist and top of his class in South Sudan. He is sitting at the back of the class quietly reading his book when I approach him.
“I want to be a scientist,” he explains to me. On that long journey from South Sudan, most people brought nothing but themselves; David clung to his book and a desire to learn in school.
During our time in Uganda, we meet many more refugees. Their stories are disturbing, journeys horrific, and futures unknown. But coursing through the settlements and country is something not seen, but rather felt: Uganda’s compassion and empathy towards the South Sudanese refugees.
In a world where refugees are increasingly vilified and in a region under great stress, this compassion and empathy is humbling and uplifting.
Uganda’s work with refugees in partnership with humanitarian organisations, such as Save the Children, is of great importance.
Save the Children and the Education Commission are working together to bridge the gap between short-term humanitarian responses and longer-term development in education.
The Commission’s Pioneer Country Initiative was launched in Uganda late last year when a delegation headed by former Tanzanian president Jakaya Kikwete met with Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni. Save the Children is now providing emergency schooling to refugees across Uganda, top up classes for those who have fallen behind, and play camps that help children recover from their trauma.
Northern Ugandans have their own history of being uprooted and displaced. As recently as 2003-2012, 95% of the population - some 1.8million people - were internally displaced.
Throughout our delegation trip, we come face to face with the expression of Ugandan compassion and empathy. From the teacher at Kiranga primary school, a doctor at Ariwa health centre and the government official in Arua, to the minister of education and the minister of finance - the list goes on. This deeply-felt compassion has resulted in an incredibly progressive policy towards refugees, one of the best in the world.
Now Uganda needs help to sustain this policy and some help may be coming for education. At the recent G20 Summit in Hamburg, great progress was made when leaders committed to action on new education financing, including support for the Education Commission’s proposal for an International Finance Facility for education, as well as for the Global Partnership for Education and Education Cannot Wait.
The Education Commission is working with the Ugandan government to develop a plan to deliver an education to all Uganda’s children, including refugees.
And so, for refugees in need but with incredible resilience, host-communities under pressure but offering a welcome hand, and a region gripped by uncertainty but full of potential, now is the moment to deliver that most fundamental right: the right to an education.
* Names have been changed
- Caroline Kende-Robb is executive director of Africa Progress Panel