The 52-year-old’s campaign focused on overhauling the UN health agency after its much-criticised handling of the west African Ebola epidemic, and speculation that the US might cut its funding for the agency.
A specialist in malaria with a doctorate from the University of Nottingham in Britain, Tedros was appointed Ethiopia’s health minister in 2005, where he oversaw a drive to expand basic health care by building thousands of clinics and boosting community-based health services.
The initiatives contributed to a two-thirds drop in child mortality between 1990 and 2015, and a 75% drop in malaria deaths in the same period.
Tedros waged a high-profile campaign on social media after the WHO changed its rules to have the director-general elected in a popular vote by member states, instead of having the executive committee propose a single candidate.
In an interview published on his website, Tedros said he would push forward with reforms the WHO announced after the Ebola crisis, but would also try to improve the way it is funded to allow the organisation to be more responsive in health emergencies.
His priority would be “achieving universal health coverage”.
Tedros managed to fight off a last-minute controversy after an adviser to his British rival David Nabarro accused him of covering up three major outbreaks of cholera in Ethiopia, in an interview with The New York Times.
This week, a group of about 100 demonstrators gathered at the UN headquarters in Geneva to protest against his candidacy, saying he had played down the outbreaks, with disastrous consequences.
The Ethiopian government has insisted that the deadly outbreaks were not cholera but Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) – a symptom of the disease.
Officially declaring a cholera outbreak could have resulted in Ethiopia’s trading partners rejecting its exports for fear of contamination, while also hurting tourism. – AFP